The principles of visual art are the rules, tools and/or guidelines that artists use to organize the elements of art in an artwork. When successfully combined with the elements of art they aid in creating an aesthetically pleasing or interesting work of art. Some principles of art that have been identified are movement, unity, harmony, variety, balance, rhythm, emphasis, contrast, proportion, and pattern.
MovementMovement shows actions, or alternatively, the path the viewer's eye follows throughout an artwork.
UnityUnity is the concept behind the artwork.
HarmonyHarmony is achieved in a body of work by using similar elements throughout the work, and gives an uncomplicated look to a piece of artwork or sculpture.
VarietyVariety is the quality or state of having different forms or types, notable use of contrast, emphasis, difference in size and color.
BalanceBalance is arranging elements so that no one part of a work overpowers, or seems heavier than any other part. The three different kinds of balance are symmetrical, asymmetrical, and radial.
ProportionProportion is a measurement of the size and quantity of elements within a composition.
PatternPattern is showing consistency with colors or lines.